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Wednesday, December 30, 2009

Happy New year !!

Dear visitors,
May heaven bless you, your family and friends to a prosperous 2010. Wish you a very very  
Happy New year !!!



My articles

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Dr. Ashok Parakh, Chairman, Private University Regulatory Commission, Chhattishgarh

Dr. Ashok Parakh, Raipur has been appointed as  Chairman, Private University Regulatory Commission, Chhattishgarh. Dr. Ashok Parakh is a renowned scholar in business and commerce.


He acted previously as Professor in  Durga college,  the biggest college in Raipur, capital of Chhattisgarh. Durga college comes under Ravi Shankar Shukla university, Raipur.


Dr. Parakh is author of many text books. He has also been instrumental to many research projects and guide to  Ph.D thesis.He writes regularly in various News papers such as Nai Dunia, Dainik Bhaskar and Navbharat.



Dr. Parakh is not only academicians but  also serves Jain society and Jainism with his heart. He is trustee of Rishabhdev Jain temple, Sadar Bazar, the main and oldest Jain temple in Raipur.

Dr. Ashok Parakh spoke about state of Private universities in Chhattisgarh in an exclusive interview with Jyoti Kothari on his recent visit to Jaipur Rajasthan.

Interview with Dr. Ashok Parakh Video



Pearls are not for Jain
Karma Theory


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Monday, December 28, 2009

Karma Theory in Jainism Part 3

Continued from Part 2.....

As I have mentioned earlier that there are eight principal Karmas and these are further divided into sub parts. I have already mentioned about Jnyanavaraniya Karma or Gyanavaraniya Karma. Here is the description of Darshanavaraniya Karma.

1. Chakshu Darshanavaraniya Karma
2. Achakshu Darshanavaraniya Karma
3. Avadhi Darshanavaraniya Karma
4. Kevala Darshanavaraniya Karma 

Chakshu Darshanavaraniya Karma is liable to restrictions and disabilities related to Chakshu (Eyes) where as Achakshu Darshanavaraniya Karma is liable for senses (Indriya) other than eyes. These senses are touch, taste, smell and hearing.


 Avadhi Darshanavaraniya Karma restricts Avadhi Darshan. Avadhi Darshan is similar to Avadhi Jnyana. Subject of Jnyana is Vishesha and that of Darshan is Samanya.

 Kevala Darshanavaraniya Karma restricts soul to obtain Kevala Darshana. Keval Jnyan and Keval Darshan always stay together.
Karma Theory Part 1
Karma Theory Part 2
Karma Theory Part 3
Karma Theory part 4
Karma Theory part 5


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Saturday, December 26, 2009

Pearls are not for Jain

Pearls are used as gems since ancient times. Jewelers make beautiful Jewelry from pearls all over the world. However, pearls are not for Jain community. Most of the pearls are obtained through a highly violent and Cruel process. We know that Jainism is known for Ahimsa, the non-violence.

Pearls were found naturally from both sea water and fresh water since time immemorial and people were using those in strings and other varieties of Jewelry. However, Mikimoti in Japan invented a method to culture pearls artificially. As real pears were rare, cultured pearls soon became very popular.

Later on many other varieties of artificial pearls came in the market such as Bibaco pearls, fresh water pearls and finally the Chinese pearls. Chinese pearls are also known as Hyderabad pearls in India.

All these pearls are obtained by killing oysters.  Oysters are living beings, hence it is not advisable for Jain community to use these pearls.

Millions of oysters are nurtured and injected artificially to get pearls. Those are killed to obtain pearls. It is seen that some of the Jain Jewelers are involved in this business. Though most of them do not farm oysters but they obtain pearls from fishermen who kill the oysters. Using pearls causes acute Karma Vandh.Users have to face Karmic bondage in this life or another birth.

Ghor Himsa also leads to Narak gati according to the philosophy of Jainism as preached by the Jain Tirthankar Mahavir.

I request these Jewelers to leave the business and adopt some other business that is less violent.
JainJainismJain Temples,



Karma Theory Part 1 

Karma Theory Part 2



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Friday, December 11, 2009

Paush Dashmi Festival in Jaipur

Paush Dashmi is the birth date of Lord Parshwanath commonly known as Parasnath, 23rd Tithankar of Jain. Jain community all over India observe birth day of their Tirthankar with great enthusiasm.


Jain offer Puja in various temples. Ceremony was organized in Deraur Parasnath temple with a Puja. Vidhikarak Yashwant Golechha conducted Puja.  Puja was followed by a Sadharmi Vatsalya.

A Barghoda (Procession) is traditionally brought from Mohanbadi Sanwalia Parasnath Temple to Panchayati Mandir in Johri Bazar.

Paush Dashmi Festival in Jaipur Video

This video is about a traditional procession (Barghoda or Julush) from Mohanbadi to Suparshwanath Jain temple in Jaipur, Rajasthan. The procession starts from Mohanbadi, an old Jain temple and Dadabadi and progresses thorugh Ramganj and Manak Choupad to Johari Bazar. It enters in to the streets of Johri Bazar and reach Suparshwanath Jain temple in Dada, Gheewalon Ka Rasta via Vichakshan Bhawan.
People welcome the procession there and worship Lord Parshwanath (Parasnath) with Bhajan, Arati and Mangal Dipak.


Jainism and Environment
Green collar job: Environment friendly way of employment

Jainism and Environment Part 1

Jainism and Environment Part 2

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Wednesday, December 9, 2009

Video: Jalgaon Dadabadi

View Video of Jalgaon Dadabadi in Maharashtra, India



Pratishtha in Jalgaon


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Jain Temples in India


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Pratishtha in Jalgaon

Pratishtha ceremony of Jalgaon Jain Temple is scheduled on December 12, 2009. Suresh Dada Jain, a well known political entity in Jalgaon and Maharashtra has built this temple. He built a Dadabadi few years back In Jalgaon and announced building a temple at that time.

The newly built Jain temple is situated on the other side of road of the Dadabadi. Suresh Dada Jain built both jain temple and Dadabadi to honor his parents. Jain Sadhwi (Nun) Shree ManiprabhaJain temple and Dadabadi. Sri Ji inspired him to built

Pratishtha of the temple will be accomplished in the auspices of the same Sadhwi Maniprabha Sri Ji. Sadhwi Maniprabha Sri Ji is disciple of famous Jain Sadhwi Jain Kokila Shree Vichakshan Sri Ji. She belongs to Khartar Gachchha sect of Jain Shwetambar Jainism in Jalgaon and other parts of Maharashtra. community. Pratishtha of this jain temple will help expansion of

Suresh Dada Jain has invited Jain communities from all over the world to participate in the Pratishtha ceremony. Large numbers of devotees are expected to reach there from various parts of India and overseas. Major overseas participation is expected from the US and the UK.

Jainism and Environment
Green collar job: Environment friendly way of employment

Jainism and Environment Part 1

Jainism and Environment Part 2


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Tuesday, November 17, 2009

President Obama's Diwali Message for Jainism


  President Obama, US refers to  Lord Mahavira and the Tirthankaras in a video that you can watch  here:
American President Obama's Diwali Message states:-

"On behalf of the American people ...In Jainism the occasion celebratess the Nirvana of Lord Mahavira, one of a long line of spiritual leaders known for achieving enlightenment by freeing themselves of base human impulses and emotions. ..."


Incidentally in the video at :-
http://www.whitehouse.gov/video/The-President-Observes-Diwali/
Obama refers to Jainism at about 12 minutes and 45 seconds.
Never has an American President spoken so accurately about Jain and Jainism.

I am thankful to Suraj Nowlakha for information.

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Monday, November 16, 2009

Bahushruta Jain monk Muni Jambuvijayaji killed in a road accident

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An E-mail from Shikhar Kochar, Chennai informed me of this sad incident. I reproduce the mail as it is.

Bahushruta Jain monk Muni Jambuvijayaji was killed in a road accident. His tragic death is deeply mourned.

In the morning of 12 November, 2009 Jambuvijayaji was traveling on foot along with other monks from Balotra in Rajasthan to Jaisalmer and they were hit by a speeding truck.  Two monks, Jambuvijayaji and Namaskarvijayaji died in the accident and others are seriously injured. Jambuvijayji was 87 years old.

I am deeply saddened to hear of this grave loss. Muni Jambuvijaya was a scholar in the tradition of Upadhyaya Yashovijaya. He was only interested in the Agamas and his work. He had no interest in sectarian politics, in building temples, etc. All he did was produce high class critical editions of the Agamas for the Mahavira Jain Vidyalaya series.

I have been fortunate enough to meet him in 2004. One of his students, Prof Dr Sin Fujinaga had taken me to meet him. We were in Ahmedabad as we were both presenting papers at the World Peace Conference there.

Dr Fujinaga took me to Koba and there we spent about 7 - 8 hours with pujya maharaj Shri Jambuvijayaji.

Jambuvijayaji was kind enough to spare a lot of time for us. He knew my great-grandfather, Pandit Nathuram Premi, very well and reminisced about his meetings with him. Fortunately for me, Shri Chitrabhanuji also arrived at about the same time to meet Jambuvijayaji. And since I am close to Chitrabhanuji, it was wonderful to spend the day in the august presence of such learned scholars.
We discussed several issues. Jambuvijayaji spoke of his tremendous reverence for Acarya Kundakunda, Acarya Pujyapada, Acarya Akalanka and Acarya Joindu and both Chitrabhanuji and Jambuvijayaji expressed their immense admiration for the Samayasara.

Jambuvijayaji spoke of the many occasions when he has visited Digambara Jain temples and said in a light vein. - 'Pitaji to pitaji hote hain, aankh lagaao to, nahiin lagaao to bhii.' (My father is my father, whether he is fitted with external eyes or not). He was referring to the Jinas, and saying that whether the Jina image was a Shvetambara image (with external eyes affixed to it) or a Digambara image (without external eyes affixed to it).

Both Jambuvijayaji and Chitrabhanuji, also, the Bandhu Triputi (Titthal) were all antevasi (direct) students of Acarya Prem Suri (of Pindwada). Acarya Prem Suri was one of the most important Jain monks of the 20th century. His students were all masterpieces.
Acarya Bhuvanabhanu Suri, Acarya Ram Suri, Acarya Jayaghosha Suri were all Gacchadhipatis. Jambuvijayaji, Chitrabhanuji, Acarya Jayasundara Suri, the Bandhu Triputi are all widely respected and learned scholars.

Jambuvijayaji was a student of Premi Suri and then became a student of Bhuvanabhanu Suri. I still retain with pride, my copy of JAIN DARSHAN by Dr Mahendrakumar Nyayacarya, autographed by Jambuvijayaji. I will treasure my meeting with him in Koba and am thankful to my friend Sin Fujinaga for having taken me there to meet him.

Jambuvijayaji was a credit to Jainism. He worked all his life to create critically edited volumes of the Agamas. After his death, I can only think of Shilacandra Suri who is doing this kind of work in Shvetambara murtipujaka parampara. There is no monk in the Digambara parampara who is doing this kind of critical editing work. I have hopes from the Shvetambara Terapanthi parampara. Hopefully, they will carry on this noble task of producing critically edited texts of all Agamic literature. It is a very crucial task and Jambuvijayaji, like Jinavijayaji and Punyavijayaji before him, stuck to this low profile task manfully.
His death is a blow to all of Indological studies, not just Jain studies. Eminent Western scholars of Jainism such as Prof Dr Padmanabh S Jaini, Prof Dr Nalini Balbir, Dr Paul Dundas, Prof Dr Phyllis Granoff, Prof Dr Willem Bollee, Prof Dr Adelheid Mette, Prof Dr John Cort, Prof Dr Sin Fujinaga, Prof Dr Olle Qvarnström, Dr Peter Fluegel, Dr Kornelius Kruempelmann, Dr Eva DeClercq and Dr Piotr Balcerowicz  will all be deeply saddened by this loss. As indeed is all of India.

I bow in reverence to his profound scholarship and remember with gratitude his kindness to me


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Saturday, November 14, 2009

Mangal Prabhat Lodha elected MLA

Sri Mangal Prabhat Lodha, former President, Akhil Bharatiya Khartar Gachchha Mahasangh, has been elected as member of legislative assembly, Maharashtra in the Maharashtra assembly election 2009. Akhil Bharatiya Khartar Gachchha Mahasangh is one of the top bodies of Jain Shwetambar communities representing Khartar gachchha sect of Shwetambar Murtipujak community.

Mangal Prabhat Lodha is son of Justice Guman Mal Lodha, former member of Parliament. He is elected from Malabar hill, constituency, Mumbai. He has been elected for the fourth time from Mumbai. Voters of Malabar hill is among one of the richest communities in India. The constituency has a large number of Jain voters.

Congratulations!

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Monday, November 2, 2009

Jain authors and writers invited

Authors and writers on Jainism are invited to send their bio-data with experience for professional free lance assignments.
We are in process of making a data base of Jain authors needed by publishers as wel as institutions. Many Jain institutions and publishers have contacted us for a varieties of services in the field of  publication of Jain writings, such as: 

1. Original Jain writings
2. Editing of Jain writings
3. Copy editing of Jain writings
4. Translating of Jain writings
5. Subject editing of Jain writings
6. Proof reading of Jain writings
7. Illustrating of Jain writings and other allied jobs.

You may also indicate your expected services charges for these writing and other jobs. This data base will help those who are searching for writing jobs in Jainism.

Jain authors and writers,
Please use comment box for contacting us with your e mail addres for Jain writing jobs.

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Sunday, October 25, 2009

Sunil Shrimal, Delhi Passed away

Sri Sunil Shrimal, former, secretary, Akhil Bharatiya Khartar Gachchha Mahasangh left for his heavenly abode on October 19, 2009. He was a sinccer and dedicated worker of Jain society.
He was the eldest son born of Sri Mansingh and Smt. Kamala Devi Shrimal in Didwana on October 21 1950. He was a brilliant student and obtained his B. E. degree from BITS, Pilani, a prestigious institute and awarded with gold medal.
Later on he chose career path in Gems and Jewelry business in Delhi. His maternal uncle, Sri Rajendra Shrimal, cousin of Sri Rajroop Tank, was also a famous social and religious worker. Sri Rajendra Shrimal adorned chair of vice President of Akhil Bharatiya Khartar Gachchha Mahasangh.
Sri Sunil Shrimal married to Ms. Rajbala, daughter of Seth Manilal Doshi of Delhi. He also was a famous person and treasurer of Akhil Bharatiya Khartar Gachchha Mahasangh.
Jaipur Shrimal Sabha organized a condolence meeting in his memory at Moti Dungri Dadabadi today morning October 25, 2009.
Various societies from Jain community of Jaipur paid homage to departed soul. Organization likes of Rotary club, Royal club and Mahaveer international also expressed their deep concern.
Jyoti Kothari, conducted the meeting and informed audience about life of Mr. Shrimal. The meeting was ended with spiritual preaching and Shanti path by Sadhwi Sulochana Sri Ji maharaj.


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Sunday, October 18, 2009

Jain Diwali: Nirvana Kalyanaka of Lord Mahavira

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Lord Mahavira Attained Nirvana (Salvation) on Diwali night. Jain community celebrates Diwali to worship Nirvana Kalyanaka of Lord Mahavira.

Mahavira, last of all twenty four Tirthankara, liberated from Pawapuri, Bihar on Kartik Krishna Amavasya. Pawapuri was called Madhyam Apapa Nagari at that time.

Mahavira, got enlightened and became omniviscent at the age of 42 in Jrimbhika village, Bihar on the bank of river Rjubalika. He eliminated all four Ghati Karma in process of Asseticism. His holiness lived and preached in the earth for 30 years after that. He has got Indrabhuti Gautama as his principal desciple alongwith ten other Ganadhara.

Lord Mahavira preached continuously and spontaneously for fourty eight hours before attaining Niravana on Diwali. He preached fifty five chapters of Punyafal Vipaka, fifty five chapters of Papafal Vipaka and thirty six chapters of Aputthabagarna alias Uttaradhyayana Sutra during these two days according to Kalpa Sutra.

There was fourteen thousands Monks and thirty six thousands Nuns in his Sangha. Indrabhuti Gautama was the head of Shramana (Monks) Sangha and Chandanvala was the head of Shramani (Nuns)Sangha of Lord Mahavira.

Indrabhuti Gautama became omniscient just after Nirvana of Lord Mahavira. Jain community observes Diwali to worship Kevala Jnyana of Indrabhuti Gautama too.

According to Kalpa Sutra, a sacred Jain text, people lighted "Dipak"(Like candle) to get earthly light. Mahavira was divine light.

Dipak also spelled as Deepak produces light. People put Deepak in series and rows. Aavali means row or line. Hence the word derived combining both Deep and Aavali was Deepavali. The word Diwali  is inherited from word Deepawali or Deepavali.

Festival of India: Dhan Teras and Diwali 
Diwali in Jaipur 

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Tuesday, October 13, 2009

Karma Theory in Jainism: Origin, History, Texts and other descriptions Part 2

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Continued from Part 1

As I have mentioned earlier there are six parts in Karma Grantha by Acharya Devendra Suri. Names of those six are as follows:

1. Karma Vipaka
2. Karmastava
3. Vandha Swamitva
4. Shadashiti
5. Shataka
6. Saptati

The first Karma Grantha "Karma Vipaka" deals with four types of Vandha that means bondage of karmik particles with the soul.

These four are:

1. Prakriti

2. Pradesh

3. Sthiti

4. Anubhaga or Rasa


Prakriti means nature. When a mundane soul involves in any actions, it attracts Karma Vargana (Karmik particles) from the nature and  create a bond with that. This bonded particles further divide into eight types of Karma according to the nature of actions. These eight types are:

1. Jnyanavaraniya (Gyanavaraniya)
2. Darshanavaraniya
3. Mohaniya
4. Antaraya
5. Nama
6. Gotra
7. Vedaniya
8. Ayushya

First four of these are Ghati Karma and the next four are Aghati Karma. Ghati Karma restricts a soul to obtain Kevala Jnyana (omniviscence) and Aghati from Moksha (salvation).

1. Jnyanavaraniya (Gyanavaraniya) Karma: A soul is full of wisdom and knowledge. However, Jnyanavaraniya Karma puts a cover over it and restricts a soul to obtain knowledge and wisdom. Jnyana means knowledge and Avaran Menas cover. Hence Jnyanavaraniya means which covers or restricts to aqquire knowledge. There are five types of Jnyana or knowledge

1. Mati Jnyana (28)
2. Shruta Jnyana (14)
3. Avadhi Jnyana (6)
4. Manah Paryava Jnyana (2)
5. Kevala Jnyana (1)


Jnyanavaraniya (Gyanavaraniya) Karma is also divided into five types according to their capabilities of covering each Jnyana such as Mati Jnyanavaraniya, Shruta Jnyanavaraniya and so on. These five further have sub-divisions as mentioned in the bracket above.

Karma Theory Part 1
Karma Theory Part 2
Karma Theory Part 3
Karma Theory part 4
Karma Theory part 5

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Monday, October 12, 2009

Karma Theory in Jainism: Origin, History, Texts and other descriptions Part 1

Most of the Indian philosophies believe in Karma theory. Vedic, Buddhist and Jain, all have a faith on Karma and Karmafal. However, they differ in many points.

Jainism has the most subtle description of Karma. Ninth of the fourteen "Purva" is dedicated to Karma theory and named as "Karma Pravaad Purva". This is part of "Drishtivaada", the biggest, greatest, most complicated part of teachings of Lord Mahavira.

We can not find Drishtivaada as people can not retain it in their memory some centuries after the Lord. Probably, Acharya Aryarakshita Suri was the last to retain Karma Pravaad Purva with him.

Karma theory is described in many places in ancient Jain texts, Aagama.  Bhagwati Sutra, the fifth Anga Sutra describes a lot about Karma. We get references in many other anga such as Sthananga and Samavaayaanga Sutra, Uttaraadhyayana Sutra etc. A separate Anga Vipaka Sutra is dedicated to Karma Vipaka that means fruits of Karma.

Tons of texts are written about Karma theory later on such as "Kamma Payadi" in Shwetambara and "Gommatsara" in Digambar school.

However, the most popular is "Karma Grantha" by Acharya Devendra Suri, It is so popular that almost every reader of Jainism reads it. This is didided into six parts. The last part describes that this text is a drop from the ocean of Drishtivada.

Karmagrantha falls into the category of "Ganitaanuyoga" alias Karanaanuyoga among four divisions of Jain texts. Rest of three Anuyoga are Kathaanuyoga alias Prathamaanuyoga, Charanaanuyoga and Dravyaanuyoga.
Ganita  / Karana means mathematics in Sanskrit language. Hence, tons of mathematical calculations are there in Karma Grantha to describe specific theories of Vandha, Udaya, Udirnaa, Satta, Sankraman, Upashamana, Apavartanaa, Udvartanaa, Nidhatta and Nikaachana.

Karma Grantha also deals with five causes of Karma Vandh, Avadhaa Kaala, eight types of Karma Prakriti and sub types and many other topics.. It also deals with fourteen Gunasthana, stages of spiritual development of a soul.

To be continued......
Karma Theory Part 1
Karma Theory Part 2
Karma Theory Part 3
Karma Theory part 4
Karma Theory part 5


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Monday, October 5, 2009

Some questions and answers about Jain philosophy

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I have got some interesting questions in Jain communities that I have answered. Some of  those are reproduced here.


Q1      Does the soul have to wait till the "right" kind of gati, in the right circumstance is available? if it has to wait where does it wait? in the same bhoomi where the body passed away or in some other place?

Ans: No, the soul has not to wait. It starts immediately from the place of death and body. Other questions therefore not applicable.


Q2 Does a soul that has left the body still have its past memories? or does it lose them after having left the body? or does it maintain them and then loses them as soon as it takes another birth?

Ans: All these depend on a particular soul. In most of the cases soul looses its memory with in few moments.

Q3 Does a soul experience time the way humans do? like does it have to "wait" from one transition to another?

Ans: As answered earlier it has not to wait. The time span is so short that it can not even perceive (not more than four samayas)

Q4 If many bodies have died together, like in a war or bomb blast etc, can these souls interact with one another in any way? or with people (like ghosts) Can they see the world without eyes the way we see things with our eyes? can they hear and smell and taste and feel without any of those organs? if yes then how? if no then what do they experience?

Ans: No they can not interact with each other. As they do not have any senses (dravya indriya) they can not feel touch, taste etc. They experience Karmafal only.


Q5  If a soul has to travel from one Kshetra to take birth in another, how fast does it travel? Is the journey immediate or is there a speed limit for souls, like there is for light... this question sounds silly but its very fundamental in numerous ways

 Ans:There is no speed limit. Time factor is decieded upon turns. If it goes in straight line it takes one samaya. If it turns once it takes two samayas. At a maximum it takes three turns, hence four samayas.

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Saturday, October 3, 2009

Burning issue: Demolition of Jain temples

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Jain temples are representatives of our culture and tradition. Large number of old Jain temples are demolished and  reconstructed nowadays in the name of Jain architecture. Many so called Jain  Acharya and monks / nuns are being instrumental in demolishing old Jain temples in the name of Jirnoddhar.

Some instances:


1. An old Jain temple in Patna city was demolished few years back for reconstruction. a famous Jain Acharya was behind this.
2. An old Jain temple is demolished recently for new construction in Kota. A member of Shwetambar Jain community, Kota has reported that a renowned Jain Sadhwi  is instrumental to this demolition.
3. Famous Jain pilgrimage center Jeerawala Parasnath (Parshwanath) temple was demolished 5-6 years back and reconstructed with expenditures of crores of rupees.
4. An old Jain temple in Mundra, Kutchchh is also demolished and under process of reconstruction. It is reported that a Jain monk is working behind the scene.

There are many other examples of demolishing old Jain temples. Many of us believe that this is destroying our own rich culture and tradition.

Should we be silent?
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Monday, September 21, 2009

जैन धर्म की मूल भावना भाग ३: एक गंभीर प्रश्न

आज एक बार फिर से यह प्रश्न सामने आया की क्या हम जैन धर्म की मूल भावना को समझ पा रहे हैं? जयपुर के विचक्षण भवन में पूज्या साध्वी श्री सुलोचना श्री जी का चातुर्मास है। आज वहां पढाते हुए एक बात सामने आइ। अद्यात्मा योगी श्री आनंदघन जी के नवे स्तवन का स्वाध्याय चल रहा था, जिसमे तीर्थंकर परमात्मा के दर्शन पूजन आदि की चर्चा है। स्वाध्याय के दौरान साध्वी प्रीतिसुधा जी ने पूछा की अलग अलग गाँव व शहर के नम के हिसाब से तीर्थंकर मन्दिर की स्थापना होती है।

अनेक लोग ऐसा कहते हैं की यदि राशी के हिसाब से मुलनायक भगवन की प्रतिष्ठा नहीं हो तो वस्ति को नुकसान होता है। गाँव या शहर उजड़ तक जाते हैं। वो कह रहीं थी की बड़े लोग यहाँ तक की कई आचार्य भगवंत भी ऐसा कहते हैं।

मैंने पलट कर पूछा की क्या आनंदघन जी, देवचंद जी या यशोविजय जी जैसे महँ पुरुषों ने भी ऐसा कहा है? उत्तर में उन्होंने कहा की नहीं उनलोगों ने तो ऐसा नहीं कहा।
मैंने कहा तो फिर ये बातें कैसे आई? उनने कहा की क्या ज्योतिष शास्त्र सही नही है? मैंने फिर से कहा की क्या ज्योतिष शास्त्र अरिहंत परमात्मा से बढ़ कर है?

ये एक गंभीर प्रश्न है। अरिहंत परमात्मा जगत के सर्व श्रेष्ठ कल्याणकारी तत्त्व हैं। वे सिद्धचक्र अर्थात नवपद के भी केन्द्र में हैं। अनेक भवों की साधना से ही कोई व्यक्ति जगत के इस सर्व श्रेष्ठ पड़ को प्राप्त कर सकता है। अपने पूर्व भवों में भी अरिहंत परमात्मा जगत के सभी जीवों के कल्याण की कामना करते हैं। उसी के परिणाम स्वरुप तीर्थंकर के भावः में उनके जन्म, दीक्षा आदि कल्याणक कहलाते हैं। उन कल्याणकों के समय में नारकी जीवों तक को सुख पहुँचता है। अब प्रश्न यह उठता है की जिनके रोम रोम में जगत के सभी जीवों की कल्याण की कामना वासी है ऐसे तीर्थंकर का मन्दिर किसी भी स्थिति में अमंगलकारी कैसे हो सकता है? शाश्त्राकारों का कहना है की सभी तीर्थंकर एक जैसे होते हैं उनमे कोई भेद नहीं। फिर यदि किसी शहर के लिए यदि एक तीर्थंकर कल्याण करी हों तो दुसरे तीर्थंकर कैसे अमंगलकारी हो सकते हैं? क्या तीर्थंकर परमात्मा इतने क्रूर हैं की मात्र राशी के अनुसार विराजमान नही करने मात्र से शहर उजड़ जाए? नहीं ऐसा नहीं हो सकता। तीर्थंकर परमात्मा अपने सभी रूपों में, सभी अवस्थाओं में कल्याणकारी ही होते हैं। किसी भी स्थिति में वे अमंगलकारी या अकल्याणकारी नही हो सकते।
इस प्रकार अरिहंत परमात्मा के संवंध में कहना की अमुक स्थान पर अमुक तीर्थंकर की प्रतिमा राशी के अनुसार नहीं होने से वसति उजड़ गई क्या तीर्थंकर परमात्मा के प्रति अश्रद्धा का द्योतक नहीं है? क्या यह तीर्थंकर परमात्मा का अवर्ण वाद नहीं है? क्या हम तीर्थंकर परमात्मा, उनके गुन, उनकी शक्ति, उनकी कल्याण करने की क्षमता को समझ पाए हैं?
क्या आज के तथा कथित आचार्य गण व अन्य मुनि गण इस बात की और ध्यान देंगे? सुविहित गीतार्थ आचार्य भगवंतों से प्रार्थना है की जैन धर्म व समाज में फैली इस भ्रान्ति को दूर करने की कृपा करें।

साथ ही सुज्ञान श्रावकों से भी गुजारिश है की हर किसी की बातों में आ कर जिनेश्वर देव अरिहंत परमात्मा (तीर्थंकर भगवन) की आशातना कर घोर पाप के भागी न बनें। ध्यान रखने योग्य बात ये है की अरिहंत परमात्मा के वचनों के अनुसार नही चलना ही सभी पापों के मूल में है। उनकी आशातन से बढ़ कर और क्या बड़ा पाप हो सकता है?

मुझे विश्वाश है की मेरी इस बात पर ध्यान दे कर योग्य निर्णय किया जाएगा एवं हम जैन धर्म की मूल भावना के अनुसार चल सकेंगे।

जैन धर्म की मूल भावना भाग 1
जैन धर्म की मूल भावना भाग 2
जैन धर्म की मूल भावना भाग 3
जिन मंदिर एवं वास्तु
प्रस्तुति:
ज्योति कोठारी

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Friday, September 18, 2009

नवपद पूजा के कुछ दोहों का अर्थ

पर्युषण हेतु मेरे कलकत्ता प्रवास के दौरान श्री दिनेश जी धूपिया ने मेरे से इन गाथाओं एवं दोहों का अर्थ लिखने के लिए कहा था। श्री दिनेश जी के पिता श्री केशरी चाँद जी धूपिया अत्यन्त धार्मिक व्यक्ति एवं जैन धर्म के विद्वान थे। उन्होंने नवपद जी की पूजा का अर्थ लिखा था। उसकी पाण्डुलिपि दिनेश जी के पास है। उस पाण्डुलिपि में कुछ प्राकृत की गाथाओं एवं गुजराती दोहों का अर्थ नही था। इस कारण उस पुस्तक का प्रकाशन नहीं हो रहा था। दिनेश जी की तीव्र इच्छा है की उस पुस्तक का प्रकाशन हो जाए जिससे लोगों को इस पूजा का अर्थ जानने में मदद मिल सके। मुझे आशा है की यह पुस्तक जल्दी ही लोगों के हाथ में आ जायेगी।

कलकत्ता प्रवास के दौरान व्यस्तता के कारण मैं यह काम नही कर पाया। अब नवपद जी की ओली प्रारम्भ होने वाली है एवं उसमें मात्र एक सप्ताह का समय वचा है। इस लिए मैंने इस कम को अभी करने का निर्णय लिया। कल मैंने नवपद ओली के संवंध में एक विस्तृत लेख भी लिखा है। मैं दिनेश जी का शुक्र गुजार हूँ की उन्होंने मुझे ऐसा सु अवसर प्रदान किया। दोनों ही कृतियाँ लोगों के काम आ सके इस लिए प्रकाशित किया जा रहा है। इसमें कोई त्रुटी हो तो सुज्ञ जन सुधार करने की कृपा करें।

(सिद्ध पद पूजा)
जाणे पिण सके कही पुर गुण,
प्राकृत तिम गुण जास
ओपमा विण नाणी भवमाहें,
ते सिद्ध दियो उल्लास

अरिहंत परमात्मा सिद्ध भगवान के सभी गुणों को अपने केवल ज्ञान से जानते हैं परन्तु जगत में उस लायक कोई उपमा नही होने के कारण कह नही सकते। जैसे कोई आदिवासी व्यक्ति जो सदा जंगल में ही रहता हो और एक वर किसी नगर में आ जाए तो नगर के वैभव को देख लेता है। वह नगर की समृद्धि को जनता तो है परन्तु अन्य वनवासियों को वहां वता नही सकता क्योंकि जंगल में नगर की शोभा की उपमा देने लायक कोई वस्तु नही होती।

(आचार्य पद पूजा)
नमूं सुरिराजा सदा तत्त्व ताजा ,
जिनेंद्रागमें प्रौढ़ साम्राज्य भाजा
षट वर्ग वर्गित गुणे शोभमाना
पंचाचारने पालवे सावधाना

मैं सूरी अर्थात आचार्य भगवंत को नमस्कार करता हूँ जो की जिन शासन में राजा के समान हैं। सदा स्वाध्याय करने के कारण तत्वों से ताज़ा हैं। जिनेन्द्र भगवान के आगमों के प्रौढ़ व निष्णात हैं एवं शासन साम्राज्य को भली भांति संभालते हैं। छः का वर्ग अर्थात छत्तीस गुणों से शोभायमाण हैं एवं पाँच आचारों को सावधानी पूर्वक पालन करते हैं।

ध्याता आचारज भला,
महामंत्र शुभ ध्यानी रे
पञ्च प्रस्थाने आतमा
आचारज होए प्राणी रे

आचार्य भगवंत महामंत्र अर्थात सूरी मंत्र के ध्यानी होते हैं। श्रावकों के लिए नवकार, मुनिओं के लिए वर्धमान विद्या, एवं आचार्यों के लिए सूरी मंत्र महामंत्र होता है। एवं अपनी अपनी भूमिका के अनुसार वो उसकी साधना करते हैं। सूरी मंत्र में पञ्च प्रस्थान होते हैं जो की पञ्च परमेष्ठी के ही द्योतक हैं। ऐसे पञ्च प्रस्थान में रहने वाली आत्मा ही आचार्य होती है।
(उपाध्याय पद पूजा)
सुत्तत्थ वित्थारण तप्पराणं
णमो णमो वायग कुंजराणं
गणस्स संधारण सायराणं
सव्वप्प्णा वज्जिय मच्छराणं

सूत्र व अर्थ के विस्तार में तत्पर रहने वाले वाचक अर्थात उपाध्याय रूपी कुंजर अर्थात हाथी को वारंवार नमस्कार
हो। गणों को धारण करने में सागर के समान एवं सभी प्रकार की मत्सरता अर्थात इर्ष्या से दूर ऐसे उपाध्याय भगवंत हैं।

(साधू पद पूजा)
साहूण संसाहिय संजमाणम
नमो नमो शुद्ध दया दमाणं
तिगुत्ति गुत्ताण समाहियाणं
मुणिण माणंद पयट्ठियाणं

जिन्होंने संयम को अच्छी तरह से साध लिया है, जो शुद्ध दया एवं दमन से युक्त हैं उन साधुओं को वारंवार नमस्कार हो। जो तीनों गुप्तियों से गुप्त व समाधिस्थ हैं ऐसे मुनि आनंद में प्रतिष्ठित हैं।

(सम्यग दर्शन पद पूजा)
जिनुत्त तत्ते रुई लक्खणस्स
नमो नमो निम्मल दंसणस्स
मिच्छत्त नासाई समुग्गमस्स
मुलस्स सद्धम्म महा दुमस्स

जिनेश्वर देव कथित तत्व में रूचि जिसका लक्षण है ऐसे निर्मल संयाग दर्शन को वारंवार नमस्कार हो। मिथ्यात्व के नाश से जिसका उद्गम होता है ऐसा सम्यग दर्शन सत धर्म रूप महा वृक्ष का मूल है।

(सम्यग ज्ञान पद पूजा)
अण्णाण सम्मोह तमो हरस्स
णमो णमो णाण दिवायरस्स
पंच्प्पयारस्सुवगारगस्स
सत्ताण सव्वत्थ पयासगस्स

अज्ञान एवं सम्मोह रूप अन्धकार को हरण करने वाले ज्ञान रुपी दिवाकर अर्थात सूर्य को वारंवार नमस्कार हो। यहाँ ज्ञान पञ्च प्रकार का है एवं उपकार करने वाला है एवं सभी पदार्थ की सत्ता को प्रकाशित करनेवाला है।

(सम्यग चरित्र पद पूजा)

आराहियाखंडीय सक्कियस्स
णमो णमो संजम विरियस्स
सब्भावणा संग विवट्टियस्स
निव्वाण द्नाणाइ समुज्जयस्स

सत्क्रियायों के द्वारा जिसकी अखंडित आराधना की गई है ऐसे संयम में वीर्य अर्थात पुरुषार्थ को वारंवार नमस्कार हो। यह सद्भावनाओं के साथ विवर्तित होता है एवं निर्वाण देने में समुद्यत है।

लेख पढने के लिए इस पर क्लिक करें:

Festival of India: Navpad Oli in Jainism


ज्योति कोठारी


Thanks,
(Vardhaman Gems, Jaipur represents Centuries Old Tradition of Excellence in Gems and Jewelry)
info@vardhamangems.com
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Thursday, September 17, 2009

Jain festival Navpad Oli starts from September 26

Navpad Oli, a Jain festival will be starting from September 26 this year 2009. The Navapad is also referred as Siddhachakra. Jain community worship Navapad by performing nine Ayambil in nine days between Shukla Saptami and Purnima of lunar month Ashwina. The Navpad Oli is also observed in Chaitra.

Read more:
Festival of India: Navpad Oli in Jainism

नवपद पूजा के कुछ दोहों का अर्थ

Thanks,
(Vardhaman Gems, Jaipur represents Centuries Old Tradition of Excellence in Gems and Jewelry)
info@vardhamangems.com
Please follow us on facebook for latest updates.
allvoices